The Care And Feeding Of Freshwater Angelfish

P2120080 (2)Angelfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 77-82F (25-30C)
pH: 6 – 7
KH: No data found yet
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg Layers

Angelfish are a freshwater fish of the family Cichlidae, originally from river basins in South America. The cichlid is a favorite, mainly because of their unique shape, color and behavior. The freshwater angelfish is good fish for beginners.

General Angelfish Information

These fish are beautiful to look at, with sparkling scales and tall pointed fins. They grow to about six inches long and up to eight inches tall, with a fairly thin body. A great range of colors and patterns are available, from colored stripes to solid silver to a black and silver marble.

Angelfish are generally peaceful, but are considered semi-aggressive as they will eat smaller fish. The cichlid is territorial, so it is best to only have one per small tank, or more than three in a larger tank to help prevent a stronger fish picking on weaker ones.

Basic Requirements for Freshwater Angelfish

Angelfish prefer a warm environment, around 80 °F. They do best in slightly acidic water, with a pH below 7.5. Because of the height of their fins, a tall aquarium with at least 30 gallons of water is ideal for three fish. Decorations and plants should be high enough to provide hiding spots.

Tank cleaning and regular weekly water changes are necessary to keep the quality of water high. The water filter should be changed weekly, and it is a good idea to test the water weekly to prevent any problems.

Angelfish do not eat Angel-food cake. 🙁

These fish thrive on a mixed diet of frozen, flake and live food. Do not overfeed, as the fish will continue eating as long as food is available. The result can be fat build up, reduced activity and earlier death.

Breeding your freshwater angelfish

Angelfish are very difficult to sex. The best approach is to wait for juveniles to pair off. Place a breeding pair into a separate tank. When ready to spawn, the female will deposit eggs in organized rows, with the male following and fertilizing each egg. After spawning, remove the fish to protect the eggs and newly hatched fry.

Even Angel[Fish] get sick

Angelfish are susceptible to a disease referred to as Hole in the Head. These are small sores above the eyes that can grow and eventually penetrate the skin. The condition appears to be linked to the quality of the water so it is important to take preventative measures to keep the water clean and fresh.

Care Guide For Trigger Fish

Clown trigger fishTrigger Fish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical. Water temperature 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit
pH: 8.1-8.4
KH: 8-12
Diet: Carnivore
Breeding: Egg layers

The trigger fish is a tropical reef fish that is among the hardiest of species. It does well and adapts quickly to aquarium life.

Environment for the trigger fish:

This fish can live successfully in a variety of tanks. However, tall or narrow tanks should not be used. An adequately sized aquarium will depend on the species of trigger fish that is going to inhabit it. It is also important to keep in mind the other tank mates that may be present. A larger, roomier tank will allow for a happier, community setting as certain types of trigger fish may become aggressive, especially in small spaces. Triggers can live with other fish, but room mates should be chosen carefully and owners should follow any stock orders given by the supplier. Odd shaped tanks are also not conducive to a happy life for these tropical reef fish.

Feeding your trigger fish:

Feeding these fish can be super easy. In their natural habitat, triggers will browse among the reef and coral for snails, crabs and other small fish. In captivity they will accept a vast array of fish food, whether it is fresh, frozen or previously prepared. In fact, trigger keepers can even shop at the local seafood counter at the grocery store. Bite size pieces of fresh fish, squid, crab and more can be hand fed to the fish. Supplementing periodically with vitamins is key to ensuring that the trigger maintains a healthy diet.

Trigger fish breeding

While breeding is not an extremely common practice among captive trigger fish, some species have been known to reproduce in very large tanks. It is possible but not guaranteed. Females will create a nest in the sand and lay eggs. These eggs are not free floating so any shaped aquarium can successfully protect and promote the birth of new fish.

Diseases of trigger fish

The good news is that this type of tropical reef fish is by far one of the most hardy species. These aquatic animals are extremely resistant to disease. However, they can occasionally be affected by saltwater ick. But with just a bit of extra care and attention, this can be cleared up quite successfully with no detrimental effects.

Take Care Of Your Goldfish

Goldfish, Public Domain Photo

Goldfish, Public Domain Photo

Goldfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Non-Tropical 20 °C – 22 °C (68 °F – 72 °F)
pH: 6.5-8.25
KH: 70 to 120ppm
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg-layer

The budding fish enthusiast usually starts with a goldfish. Such fish are colorful, relatively easy to care for, and are long-lived. Too often, though, they perform their entertaining antics in only a small fish bowl. There are basic care requirements to follow to keep your goldfish healthy, comfortable and happy.

Preparing the Best Environment

While not as delicate as tropical fish, goldfish still have requirements to keep them comfortable. Set up the home aquarium before purchasing the fish. Start-up aquarium kits provide everything needed, including the tank, a hood with light, a power strip, a filter, gravel siphon, thermometer, air stone and tubing. Add ornaments and plants for hiding places, and gravel for the bottom of the tank.

Goldfish need room to swim. A ten gallon tank, for example, would be suitable for only one goldfish. The temperature of the water should be between 65° and 68° F (18° and 20° C).

Feeding Your Goldfish

While goldfish will eat almost anything, it is best to feed them a balanced diet. Commercial goldfish food preparations are ideal. Flake food is preferable as it floats on the surface, making it easier for the fish to find and easier to clean.

Once a day, provide only as much food as the fish will eat in a few minutes and remove any leftover debris. Do this to prevent polluting the tank. A properly fed fish will be livelier, more colorful and more likely to remain healthy.

Breeding Goldfish

It can be difficult to ensure you have both male and female goldfish. Males seem to have thinner concave vents compared to rounder concave vents of females. Try to mimic the mating environment of an outdoor pond by establishing similar temperatures and conditions in the aquarium. It is helpful to make sure there are many plant roots to host eggs in which fry can feed and grow.

Keeping Them Healthy

Keeping a goldfish healthy requires clean and cool water. Regular small water changes and removal of debris is necessary. Be sure the filter is working properly, and water temperature is correct. Keep a close watch on your fish, as it is easier to treat a problem in its early stages. Check internet sites for descriptions and pictures of potential problems. There are many medications available that can quickly treat many of the diseases goldfish are likely to develop.

Caring For Your False Clownfish

Clown Fish, Public Domain

Clown Fish, Public Domain

False Clownfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 75 – 81°F (24 — 27°C)
pH: 8 to 8.4
KH: 8.0-11.0
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg layers

The common clownfish, otherwise known as the false clownfish, the false percula clownfish,  anemonefish, and the ocellaris clownfish, is a very popular breed of saltwater fish. They are beloved for their distinctive colors and vivacious nature.

Aquarium Conditions

In order to feature an enticing environment for your clownfish, it is important to equip the aquarium with a wide variety of caves and corners for the fish to explore. They enjoy the comfort of being able to hide when they feel threatened. This species of fish also works well with reef aquariums, though general rock arrangements are recommended for beginners.

Feeding Recommendations

This species is recommended for new fish owners because they are very easy to feed. The false clownfish is omnivorous and can easily subsist on a wide variety of different foods, including most types of marine flakes. In order to promote the fish’s health, it is recommended to feed it a diet of algae and vegetable based matter along with protein rich food. Keeping algae in the tank can allow them to graze between meals.

Breeding Information

Unlike most saltwater fish, common clownfish are much easier to breed. Initially, all clownfish that are born are male. When paired with other fish, the larger and more dominant fish becomes the female. After matings, eggs are typically laid on a steady and flat surface, like a rock. When the fry hatch, they are much more sensitive to feeding needs than adult clownfish. They should be fed regularly every two to three hours but only very small amounts of food in order to prepare their bodies. They can usually be seperated from their parents after five to six weeks.

Possible Diseases

Much like any other type of fish, keeping the aquarium clean and carefully maintained can cut down on the risk of a lot of diseases. Clownfish are particularly susceptible to several different parasitic infections and fin rot. Symptoms are usually readily apparent and infected clownfish must be quarantined immediately in order to ensure that infections do not spread to other fish.

The Lionfish Care Guide

LionfishLionfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 72-82°F (22-28°C)
pH: 8.1 to 8.4
KH: 1.020 – 1.025
Diet: Carnivorous
Breeding: Egg layers

Lionfish are some of the most impressive aquarium fish around, growing up to 15 inches in length. They also carry an element of danger, as many of their spines are poisonous.

The Lionfish Environment

Large tanks are required for this tropical fish. They need plenty of space and are likely to eat other, smaller fish, even of the same species. The tanks should be at least 30 gallons, but much larger if you have a larger species. The dwarf fish will be fine in 30 gallons.

While lighting can be standard, lions do appreciate caves and lots of overhangs in the tank. They like to “perch” sometimes and will frequently hang out with their heads in crevices. Give them a nice substrate bottom to enjoy, as well.

The tank must be covered, as lions will jump out. Also, you should be aware that they produce a lot of waste, so require a heavy duty filtration system.

Feeding Your Lionfish

These are hunting fish and they prefer to feed at night. Adult fish only require feeding two or three times a week, while babies will need more regular food. You can give them small fish, shrimp and small pieces of frozen tuna or other fish. Only feed until you see a little bulge in the lion’s belly.

Breeding Lionfish

In the wild, these fish only group together when they are about to spawn. In both tank and sea, the males will become very aggressive and turn dark in color. The females become a lighter color.

The mating dance will occur if you leave the fish alone. The female will lay tubes of eggs which will hatch out into larvae in around 36 hours if they are fertilized by a male.

Common Lionfish Diseases

These fish are not likely to get sick, but they can be prone to bloat if they are fed large pieces of food. The food can putrefy in their gut, causing a buildup of gases.

The other disease that may find its way into your tank is Saltwater Fish Disease.

Guide To Keeping Betta Fish

BettaBetta Quick Care Facts

Environment: Warm Tropical (77-86°)
pH: 6.0 to 7.8
KH: 1.0 to 2.0
Diet: Primarily carnivorous but can eat some vegetables
Breeding: Egg layers

Home Aquarium Environment for Betta

Betta, or Siamese fighting fish are freshwater creatures so the water in a home aquarium must be replaced on a regular basis with clean water to prevent the salinity from rising. The water temperatures in the aquarium should be maintained at 25-30°C. Water pH and carbonate harness KH needs to be maintained at 6.0-8.0 and 1.0-2.0 respectively. You cannot keep more than one male betta in the same tank.

Betta fish need a lot of maintenance, even though they can breath surface air on their own using their labyrinth. Poor maintenance may increase the toxicity level of the water and make it uninhabitable.

Bettas grow to an average length of 7 centimeters, the fins included. They have large, brightly colored flowing fins. However, wild bettas have a dull green color while others are grayish. This is largely due to selective breeding of domesticated bettas.

Feeding Bettas

Bettas are largely carnivores. However, they can still eat vegetable matter. For a balanced diet, feed your fish with betta fish pellets, fish flakes, live bloodworms, brine shrimp and frozen dried foods among other types of foods. Be sure to feed them on a daily basis.

Breeding Bettas

Male bettas are usually responsible for building bubble nests. When interested in a female, the males usually twist their bodies, flare their grills and spread their fins. In response, the females usually curve their bodies back and forth, and darken their color. During spawning, the female can release 10 to 40 eggs each time. Fertilization takes place externally as the male releases milt into the water. Incubation takes two to three days, after which fish larvae are produced. They usually spend up to three days in the nest before they can start swimming freely in the water. Sexual maturity is attained after four months.

Betta Diseases

In addition to physical injury, there are many diseases that can affect your bettas. They include fin rot, popeye, gill hyperplasia, constipation and parasite irritation among others. Be sure to replace the water regularly to deal with some of these problems. Also have an appropriate fish antibiotic and anti-parasitic medium around the house at all times.

Caring For Your Discus

Junge DiskusfischeDiscus Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 80 – 86°F (27 – 30°C)
pH: 7.0
KH: 8.0
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg layers
Discus are a breed of fish from the cichlid genus. They are native to the Amazon River basin and are widely known for their bright, flashy colors and easy to recognize shape.

Proper aquarium environment for the discus

When properly taken care of, discus fish can live between ten and eighteen years. It is important to keep the temperature inside of the aquarium above twenty seven degrees Celsius, with soft water, as the fish may become weak and frail in acidic water. This means that checking the pH level daily is crucial to the survival of these fish. While many owners enjoy decorating aquariums, discus are one of the few type of fish that fare best in an open environment, with few additions set in the aquarium.

Feeding your discus

Discus fish are an omnivorous breed, though they require higher amounts of protein than other breeds in order to effectively promote their health. Different breeders may swear by different diets, including single source foods such as bloodworms or brine shrimp. In order to make sure that the fish are getting the appropriate amounts of nutrition, it is recommended for owners to feed them a combination of dry and frozen foods.

Discus breeding

Discus fish need to be kept in a spacious aquarium in order to encourage them to breed. Keep the water temperature and acidity at optimal levels and keep your eyes open for activity, because once laid, eggs will typically hatch in two days. Once the fry are born, keep them in the same tank as their parents. After three weeks, feed them brine shrimp, and after six weeks, it is safe to separate them from their parents.

Diseases to look out for in your discus

As with any breed of fish, it is important to keep the aquarium safe and clean. Discus are susceptible to diseases such as flagellates, tapeworms, general skin and gill parasites, and eye problems such as cloudiness and popeye (exophthalmial). Additionally, they may be susceptible to fin rot and abnormal swimming if the appropriate temperature and acidity conditions in the water are not met and maintained regularly.

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