Attention All Fish Hobbyists

It is painful for me to watch this site sit and stagnate. It’s a blog I started a long time ago as a demonstration of how to set up a WordPress Blog on another site of mine. An old love of mine, back when I had an 80 gallon saltwater tank and a 15 gallon freshwater tank.

The sad reality is that I haven’t been able to keep fish for a long time and it looks like I won’t be able to do so anytime soon.

So I’m asking for help, help to keep quality information posted here, to keep the site fresh.

If you keep saltwater or freshwater fish, whether you have a pond or aquarium, I would like to put your knowledge, your stories, here.

Use the contact form to tell me about yourself and what you know. I’d love to post it here as a guest author. If you don’t want to write, but have information, then we can either record it or I can write it for you. I want good information here. Real information, real stories, from real people.

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How To Take Care Of Saltwater Angelfish

Angelfish, Public Domain

Angelfish, Public Domain

Saltwater Angelfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Varies by species
pH: Varies by species
KH: Varies by species
Diet: Omnivore
Breeding: Varies by species

Saltwater angelfish are a colourful species, popular with many aquarium owners. There are several species of marine angelfish, with most species generally reaching lengths of eight to 12 inches.

General Saltwater Angelfish environment

One important aspect of caring for saltwater angelfish is to make sure that the tank intended for them has been in use for at least three months before they are introduced. This ensures that the nitrogen cycle in their new home has been fully established. Ammonia and nitrite levels need to be checked regularly. In general terms, these fish prefer reef tank environments. The size of the tank can vary with the specific species of angelfish you have chosen. Smaller species may require a tank size of around 50 gallons.

Feeding your Saltwater Angelfish

Angelfish need a varied diet in order to thrive. While live foods such as brine shrimp often go down well, frozen scallops or krill will also generally work, too. Commercial foods such as flakes and pellets may also be suitable, but it is wise to check the requirements of your specific species. One crucial thing to remember is that angelfish need around 20 percent of their diet to be vegetable matter such as lettuce. A varied diet helps them stay healthy.

Breeding your Angelfish

Setting up the right tank environment is vital if you want your angelfish to breed. They need to feel comfortable and secure. Angelfish are pelagic breeders in the wild, meaning that they release their eggs into the ocean and let them drift. The biggest challenge facing captive breeders is keeping the eggs alive. All angelfish are born hermaphrodites, but will change sex as their environment alters. If you want your fish to breed, make sure you have a mixed population of smaller and larger specimens. The larger will become males and the smaller ones female. Maintaining a consistent day/night cycle in your aquarium will help your fish breed. Eggs will usually hatch 20 hours after spawning, and should be removed to a separate aquarium.

Saltwater Angelfish diseases

Angelfish are hardy, but can be prone to lateral line erosion, which can scar them. bacterial and protozoan diseases can be a risk if tank environment quality is not maintained. Edema, or bloat, can often prove fatal. The risk of all diseases falls if you pay careful attention to the quality of the environment in which the fish are living.

Caring For The Guppy, AKA The Rainbow Fish

guppyGuppy Quick Care Facts:

Environment: 25.5 and 27.8 degrees c (78 and 82 degrees F)
pH: 7 to 8.1
KH: 100-150
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Live bearing

The Aquarium Environment

The guppy, also known as the rainbow fish or the million fish, is a popular freshwater aquarium fish. The preferred environment is a water ph between 7 to 8.1 and a temperature between 25.5 and 27.8 degrees c (78 and 82 degrees F). Guppies are prolific eaters and not unknown to grow overweight.

Feeding Rainbow Fish

The aquarium guppy should be fed a small amount of food, once every day. The best foods are “live”, for example, microworms and baby brine shrimp. These small organisms live in the aquarium alongside the fish, which means that there is no risk of fouling the water from decaying “dead” food. There are vacation feeders available, useful when the aquarium owner goes absent. However, he should test the feeder beforehand to ensure that the item works effectively in the aquarium. It is important not to underfeed the fish, especially if there are young fish present, since the guppy is known to eat its own fry.

Breeding Guppies

The male guppy is 1.5 to 3.5 cm in length, while the female is 3 to 6 cm. The males are spotted, striped and splashed in various colors, while the female is gray. After being inseminated by the male, the female guppy can store sperm and fertilize her ova for up to eight months. The breeding period runs throughout the year, with the gestation period being between 21 and 30 days. She gives birth to live young.

Diseases of the Guppy

Like other species, the million fish is prone to disease. The fish are sensitive to various fungi and bacteria, typically attacking the mouth and the fin. A very visible disease is saprolegnia, which appears on the fish body as flat, white patches. Most often, the fish is poisoned by water that is too hot or cold, too acid or alkali.

If the tank is overfull with other fish and aquarium plants, the guppy is at risk of carbon dioxide poisoning. Water that has been fouled by decaying food and other dead fish is also poisonous to the million fish. The aquarium owner should take steps against disease by not overfilling the tank with plant and fish life, cleaning it out regularly and checking ph and temperature levels, routinely.

Cleaner Shrimp Are The Custodians Of Saltwater Aquariums

Skunk Cleaner ShrimpCleaner Shrimp Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 22.2-25.6°C (72 -78  °F)
pH: 8.1 – 8.4
KH: 8 – 12
Diet: Carnivore
Breeding: Egg Layer

Cleaner shrimp are the perfect addition to a saltwater aquarium to help keep it clean and to maintain the health of fish in the tank. Also called skunk cleaner and scarlet cleaner shrimp because of their white “skunk” stripe and bright red backs, these shrimp add beauty to any tank. They are easy to keep without requiring any special care, however you will need to maintain proper iodine levels.

General Information

Originally from the tropical Western Pacific Ocean, cleaner shrimp belong to the Custacea class. They exhibit two pair of antennae, five pairs of legs, three body parts and a tail with a white spot that looks like a fan. The long stiff antennae are used for feeding and catching and tearing food apart with its pincers. The adult is about two inches long.

The shrimp are called cleaner shrimp because they actually help to clean parasites living on the body and gills of fish. They even remove dead tissue from the body of the fish. Being scavengers, these shrimp will keep the entire tank clean by eating left over food and other debris in the tank.

Watching the antics of cleaner shrimp is interesting. They sway their tentacles in the water in search of food, and also to advertise their cleaning services to resident fish. If you are lucky, you will see fish coming to these “cleaning stations” to tidy themselves.

Feeding Requirements

Specific feeding of cleaner shrimp is not needed unless there is not enough left-over food in the tank. If necessary, they can be fed pellets and flakes food, frozen foods, or smaller meaty seafood such as roe or pieces of fish.

Breeding Skunk Cleaner Shrimp

The scarlet cleaner shrimp are hermaphrodites, changing sex frequently, and making it easy to find a breeding pair. With two shrimp in a tank, one will lose its exoskeleton and become the female. Between 200 and 500 eggs are laid in one spawning. After the eggs hatch they should be protected until they are larger than the mouths of other fish in the tank.

Diseases of Cleaner Shrimp

Health problems can result from too much food in the tank or changes in the quality of water from the introduction of a new plant or from fish medications, copper is deadly to invertebrate. Generally, however, cleaner shrimp remain healthy and active with little care.

The Care And Feeding Of Freshwater Angelfish

P2120080 (2)Angelfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 77-82F (25-30C)
pH: 6 – 7
KH: No data found yet
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg Layers

Angelfish are a freshwater fish of the family Cichlidae, originally from river basins in South America. The cichlid is a favorite, mainly because of their unique shape, color and behavior. The freshwater angelfish is good fish for beginners.

General Angelfish Information

These fish are beautiful to look at, with sparkling scales and tall pointed fins. They grow to about six inches long and up to eight inches tall, with a fairly thin body. A great range of colors and patterns are available, from colored stripes to solid silver to a black and silver marble.

Angelfish are generally peaceful, but are considered semi-aggressive as they will eat smaller fish. The cichlid is territorial, so it is best to only have one per small tank, or more than three in a larger tank to help prevent a stronger fish picking on weaker ones.

Basic Requirements for Freshwater Angelfish

Angelfish prefer a warm environment, around 80 °F. They do best in slightly acidic water, with a pH below 7.5. Because of the height of their fins, a tall aquarium with at least 30 gallons of water is ideal for three fish. Decorations and plants should be high enough to provide hiding spots.

Tank cleaning and regular weekly water changes are necessary to keep the quality of water high. The water filter should be changed weekly, and it is a good idea to test the water weekly to prevent any problems.

Angelfish do not eat Angel-food cake. 🙁

These fish thrive on a mixed diet of frozen, flake and live food. Do not overfeed, as the fish will continue eating as long as food is available. The result can be fat build up, reduced activity and earlier death.

Breeding your freshwater angelfish

Angelfish are very difficult to sex. The best approach is to wait for juveniles to pair off. Place a breeding pair into a separate tank. When ready to spawn, the female will deposit eggs in organized rows, with the male following and fertilizing each egg. After spawning, remove the fish to protect the eggs and newly hatched fry.

Even Angel[Fish] get sick

Angelfish are susceptible to a disease referred to as Hole in the Head. These are small sores above the eyes that can grow and eventually penetrate the skin. The condition appears to be linked to the quality of the water so it is important to take preventative measures to keep the water clean and fresh.

Care Guide For Trigger Fish

Clown trigger fishTrigger Fish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical. Water temperature 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit
pH: 8.1-8.4
KH: 8-12
Diet: Carnivore
Breeding: Egg layers

The trigger fish is a tropical reef fish that is among the hardiest of species. It does well and adapts quickly to aquarium life.

Environment for the trigger fish:

This fish can live successfully in a variety of tanks. However, tall or narrow tanks should not be used. An adequately sized aquarium will depend on the species of trigger fish that is going to inhabit it. It is also important to keep in mind the other tank mates that may be present. A larger, roomier tank will allow for a happier, community setting as certain types of trigger fish may become aggressive, especially in small spaces. Triggers can live with other fish, but room mates should be chosen carefully and owners should follow any stock orders given by the supplier. Odd shaped tanks are also not conducive to a happy life for these tropical reef fish.

Feeding your trigger fish:

Feeding these fish can be super easy. In their natural habitat, triggers will browse among the reef and coral for snails, crabs and other small fish. In captivity they will accept a vast array of fish food, whether it is fresh, frozen or previously prepared. In fact, trigger keepers can even shop at the local seafood counter at the grocery store. Bite size pieces of fresh fish, squid, crab and more can be hand fed to the fish. Supplementing periodically with vitamins is key to ensuring that the trigger maintains a healthy diet.

Trigger fish breeding

While breeding is not an extremely common practice among captive trigger fish, some species have been known to reproduce in very large tanks. It is possible but not guaranteed. Females will create a nest in the sand and lay eggs. These eggs are not free floating so any shaped aquarium can successfully protect and promote the birth of new fish.

Diseases of trigger fish

The good news is that this type of tropical reef fish is by far one of the most hardy species. These aquatic animals are extremely resistant to disease. However, they can occasionally be affected by saltwater ick. But with just a bit of extra care and attention, this can be cleared up quite successfully with no detrimental effects.

Take Care Of Your Goldfish

Goldfish, Public Domain Photo

Goldfish, Public Domain Photo

Goldfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Non-Tropical 20 °C – 22 °C (68 °F – 72 °F)
pH: 6.5-8.25
KH: 70 to 120ppm
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg-layer

The budding fish enthusiast usually starts with a goldfish. Such fish are colorful, relatively easy to care for, and are long-lived. Too often, though, they perform their entertaining antics in only a small fish bowl. There are basic care requirements to follow to keep your goldfish healthy, comfortable and happy.

Preparing the Best Environment

While not as delicate as tropical fish, goldfish still have requirements to keep them comfortable. Set up the home aquarium before purchasing the fish. Start-up aquarium kits provide everything needed, including the tank, a hood with light, a power strip, a filter, gravel siphon, thermometer, air stone and tubing. Add ornaments and plants for hiding places, and gravel for the bottom of the tank.

Goldfish need room to swim. A ten gallon tank, for example, would be suitable for only one goldfish. The temperature of the water should be between 65° and 68° F (18° and 20° C).

Feeding Your Goldfish

While goldfish will eat almost anything, it is best to feed them a balanced diet. Commercial goldfish food preparations are ideal. Flake food is preferable as it floats on the surface, making it easier for the fish to find and easier to clean.

Once a day, provide only as much food as the fish will eat in a few minutes and remove any leftover debris. Do this to prevent polluting the tank. A properly fed fish will be livelier, more colorful and more likely to remain healthy.

Breeding Goldfish

It can be difficult to ensure you have both male and female goldfish. Males seem to have thinner concave vents compared to rounder concave vents of females. Try to mimic the mating environment of an outdoor pond by establishing similar temperatures and conditions in the aquarium. It is helpful to make sure there are many plant roots to host eggs in which fry can feed and grow.

Keeping Them Healthy

Keeping a goldfish healthy requires clean and cool water. Regular small water changes and removal of debris is necessary. Be sure the filter is working properly, and water temperature is correct. Keep a close watch on your fish, as it is easier to treat a problem in its early stages. Check internet sites for descriptions and pictures of potential problems. There are many medications available that can quickly treat many of the diseases goldfish are likely to develop.

Caring For Your False Clownfish

Clown Fish, Public Domain

Clown Fish, Public Domain

False Clownfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 75 – 81°F (24 — 27°C)
pH: 8 to 8.4
KH: 8.0-11.0
Diet: Omnivorous
Breeding: Egg layers

The common clownfish, otherwise known as the false clownfish, the false percula clownfish,  anemonefish, and the ocellaris clownfish, is a very popular breed of saltwater fish. They are beloved for their distinctive colors and vivacious nature.

Aquarium Conditions

In order to feature an enticing environment for your clownfish, it is important to equip the aquarium with a wide variety of caves and corners for the fish to explore. They enjoy the comfort of being able to hide when they feel threatened. This species of fish also works well with reef aquariums, though general rock arrangements are recommended for beginners.

Feeding Recommendations

This species is recommended for new fish owners because they are very easy to feed. The false clownfish is omnivorous and can easily subsist on a wide variety of different foods, including most types of marine flakes. In order to promote the fish’s health, it is recommended to feed it a diet of algae and vegetable based matter along with protein rich food. Keeping algae in the tank can allow them to graze between meals.

Breeding Information

Unlike most saltwater fish, common clownfish are much easier to breed. Initially, all clownfish that are born are male. When paired with other fish, the larger and more dominant fish becomes the female. After matings, eggs are typically laid on a steady and flat surface, like a rock. When the fry hatch, they are much more sensitive to feeding needs than adult clownfish. They should be fed regularly every two to three hours but only very small amounts of food in order to prepare their bodies. They can usually be seperated from their parents after five to six weeks.

Possible Diseases

Much like any other type of fish, keeping the aquarium clean and carefully maintained can cut down on the risk of a lot of diseases. Clownfish are particularly susceptible to several different parasitic infections and fin rot. Symptoms are usually readily apparent and infected clownfish must be quarantined immediately in order to ensure that infections do not spread to other fish.

The Lionfish Care Guide

LionfishLionfish Quick Care Facts:

Environment: Tropical 72-82°F (22-28°C)
pH: 8.1 to 8.4
KH: 1.020 – 1.025
Diet: Carnivorous
Breeding: Egg layers

Lionfish are some of the most impressive aquarium fish around, growing up to 15 inches in length. They also carry an element of danger, as many of their spines are poisonous.

The Lionfish Environment

Large tanks are required for this tropical fish. They need plenty of space and are likely to eat other, smaller fish, even of the same species. The tanks should be at least 30 gallons, but much larger if you have a larger species. The dwarf fish will be fine in 30 gallons.

While lighting can be standard, lions do appreciate caves and lots of overhangs in the tank. They like to “perch” sometimes and will frequently hang out with their heads in crevices. Give them a nice substrate bottom to enjoy, as well.

The tank must be covered, as lions will jump out. Also, you should be aware that they produce a lot of waste, so require a heavy duty filtration system.

Feeding Your Lionfish

These are hunting fish and they prefer to feed at night. Adult fish only require feeding two or three times a week, while babies will need more regular food. You can give them small fish, shrimp and small pieces of frozen tuna or other fish. Only feed until you see a little bulge in the lion’s belly.

Breeding Lionfish

In the wild, these fish only group together when they are about to spawn. In both tank and sea, the males will become very aggressive and turn dark in color. The females become a lighter color.

The mating dance will occur if you leave the fish alone. The female will lay tubes of eggs which will hatch out into larvae in around 36 hours if they are fertilized by a male.

Common Lionfish Diseases

These fish are not likely to get sick, but they can be prone to bloat if they are fed large pieces of food. The food can putrefy in their gut, causing a buildup of gases.

The other disease that may find its way into your tank is Saltwater Fish Disease.

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